UPSC CSE Key – January 31, 2022: What You Need to Read Today

cover page

The government tricked House on Pegasus, says Cong; moves privilege movement

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance

Main examination:

• General Studies II: Parliament and State Legislatures

• General Studies III: Fundamentals of Cybersecurity

Key points to ponder:

• What is the Pegasus software? How it works?

• How is Pegasus different from other spyware?

• What types of devices are vulnerable and what information may be compromised?

• Types of cyberattacks

• Pegasus in India – What is the controversy?

• Surveillance Laws in India – Section 5(2) Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, Section 69 Information Act
Technology Act, 2000, and Information Technology (Procedure and Safeguards for Interception, Monitoring and Decryption of Information) Rules, 2009.

• Cyber ​​Security India – Computer Emergency Response Team-India (CERT-IN), Cyber ​​Surakshit Bharat Initiative, National Cyber ​​Security Coordination Center (NCCC), Cyber ​​Swachhta Kendra, India Cyber ​​Security Coordination Center cybercrime (I4C), Cyberdome (Kerala)

• Espionage and Surveillance in the Name of National Security – Where to Draw the Line?

• Supreme Court of India on Espionage and Surveillance – People’s Civil Liberties Union (PUCL) v Indian Union
case in 1996, Rule 419A of the Indian Telegraph Rules, 1951

• Justice Raveendran’s Committee appointed by the Supreme Court

• Highlights of the Personal Data Protection Bill 2019

• Know parliamentary privileges and the motion of privilege

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Evidence of Pegasus being used on phones, cybersecurity experts tell SC panel

📍 Explanation: how Pegasus spyware infects a device; what data can be compromised

📍 ONS calls critics hypocritical and denies breach charges

THE EDITORIAL PAGE

Budgeting for Farmers

Program:

Preliminary examination: Economic and social development

Main examination: General Studies III: Government Budgeting.

Key points to ponder:

• What do you mean by “inflation tax”?

• What is PM-Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana? Is it similar to the Telangana government’s Rythu Bandhu program?

• Role of agriculture in the Indian economy

• Features and Characteristics of Indian Agriculture

• Problems with agriculture in India

• MSP and double farmers’ income

• Recommendation of Ashok Dalwai Committee and MS Swaminathan Committee

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Swaminathan Report: National Farmers Commission

IDEAS PAGE

Case for a Health Booster

Program:

Preliminary examination: Economic and social development

Main examination: General Studies II: Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sectors/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Key points to ponder:

• Public Health Systems in India – Background

• Current State of India’s Health Infrastructure – World Bank Data:

• COVID-19 Pandemic and Indian Health System:

• Necessary steps to strengthen the current state of health infrastructure in India

• What do you mean by Universal Health Coverage (CSU)?

• Pm Atma Nirbhar Swasth Bharat Yojana and Ayushman Bharat Scheme-Key Highlights

• Is there an explicit/implicit recognition of the right to health or health care under the Constitution? (Hint: directive
The Principles of State Policy in Part IV of the Indian Constitution provide a basis for the right to health)

• Supreme Court of India on Right to Health

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Declare the right to health a fundamental right

📍 Reset and Reform

EXPLAIN

Ukraine, Russia and India

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance

Main examination: General Studies II: Effect of Policies and Policies of Developed and Developing Countries on India’s Interests

Key points to ponder:

• Historical connection between Russia and Ukraine

• New Delhi’s position on the continuing tensions between Russia and Ukraine.

• India-Russia and India-Ukraine Bilateral Relations (Importance of both for India)

• Ukraine, NATO, USA and Russia – where are we?

• Article 5 of the founding treaty of NATO (Collective security)

• Develop polarization in the Russia-Ukraine conflict such as the United States, Europe on the one hand, and Russia, China on the other hand
on the other hand

• What is India’s concern in this whole Russian-Ukrainian conflict?

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 India must follow dangerous developments in Ukraine

📍 Why Ukraine matters to Russia

Visit to India by Al Zaabi of Oman, old friendship and strategic links

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance

Main examination: General Studies II: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

Key points to ponder:

• Card Work-Oman, Muscat, Duqm Port

• India-Oman-Bilateral Relations

• India-Oman and Joint Military Cooperation Committee (JMMC) – Importance

• Why is Oman important from a defensive and strategic point of view?

• What is the importance of the Duqm port?

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 INDIA-OMAN BILATERAL RELATIONS

THE WORLD

NATO concerned about Europe’s energy security in a context of tension

Program:

Preliminary examination: News of national and international importance

Main examination: General Studies II: Important international institutions, agencies and forums – their structure, mandate.

Key points to ponder:

• What is the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?

• Why was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) created?

• Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

• Europe’s energy security and the Russian-Ukrainian conflict – how are they interconnected?

Other important articles dealing with the same subject:

📍 Europe’s energy security worries NATO in standoff with Russia

📍 Explanation: What happened during the NATO-Russia Council talks?

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